The 8th IEEE RAS/EMBS International Conference on

Biomedical Robotics
& Biomechatronics


Track 1

SuAT1-BT1-CT1Robot-aided Neuromechanics: Using Robotics to Study Sensorimotor Function and Impairment
Sunday Nov 29, 09:00-16:10 EST
Organizers: Fabrizio Sergi, Assistant professor, University of Delaware, USA; Hyunglae Lee, Assistant professor, Arizona State University, USA; Laura Marchal-Crespo, Professor, University of Bern, Switzerland; Etienne Burdet, Professor, Imperial College London, UK.
Objectives: The field of robot-aided neuromechanics requires multidisciplinary expertise in domains such as robotics, neurophysiology, computational neuroscience, biomechanics, neurorehabilitation, but venues where all these domains are combined are limited.
This full-day workshop aims to integrate the multidisciplinary efforts in robot-aided neuromechanics, and to create a new forum for researchers interested in new measurement or analysis methods for neuromechanics, in using robots for understanding the underlying pathophysiology, and in using robots to relieve neuromotor impairment.
Abstract: Recent technological progress yields a new generation of robots that are used to study the function of components and pathways of the neuromuscular system, as well as new computational tools to study and enable skilled motor behavior. Robots and exoskeletons integrated with neuroimaging are used to study function of brain regions that contribute to specific motor behaviors; robots are used to characterize neuromuscular dynamics and motor responses; new sensors are developed to quantify muscle activity during movements; computational algorithms are used to describe and investigate learning strategies employed by humans interacting with computer-controlled dynamics or with other humans.
Given the multidisciplinary efforts in the field, we believe that it is important to create a new forum of researchers interested in the technological challenges for new measurement or analysis methods for neuromechanics, in understanding the underlying pathophysiology, and in developing methods to relieve neuromotor impairment.
Therefore, this workshop will bring together researchers working in areas related to the theme of robot-aided neuromechanics, in order to identify challenges and opportunities related to the use of robotics to study sensorimotor function and relieve impairment.
Watch the Recorded Videos: Webinar SuAT1, Webinar SuBT1, Webinar SuCT1
SuAT1 Schedule
9:00-09:10Workshop organizersOpening remarks
9:10-09:30Neville Hogan, PhD
Can We Develop a Validated, Quantitative Theory of Neuro-Recovery?
9:30-09:50Ilana Nisky, PhD
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
9:50-10:10Panagiotis Artemiadis, PhD
University of Delaware
Variable Stiffness Treadmill: a tool for understanding and rehabilitating gait impairment
10:10-10:30Hyung-Soon Park, PhD
Development of a robotic device for identifying abnormal neuromuscular coordination post stroke
Lightning talks SpatialChat
10:30-10:32J. W. Ailsworth, J. A. Blaylock, S. L. Norman, D. J. Reinkensmeyer, and D. G. KamperAn Actuated Glove Targeting Brain and Muscle Activation for Hand Rehabilitation Following StrokeW1
10:32-10:34N. Cai, P. Cherepanova, J. P.A. Dewald, and N. GurariTorques Unintentionally Generated about the Elbow after a Hemiparetic Stroke are Inaccurately Perceived: Preliminary FindingsW1
10:34-10:36R. Nikonowicz, A. Zonnino, and F. SergiDevelopment of StretchfMRI to study the neural correlates of fast feedback responses in the brainstemW1
10:36-10:38A. J. Farrens and F. SergiNeural correlates of dynamic adaptation and motor memory formation in two-degree of freedom wrist pointingW1
10:38-10:40P. Esmatloo and A. D. DeshpandeQuality-Focused, Impairment-Targeted Approach in Rehabilitation of the Hand after StrokeW1
10:40-10:42O. Özen, K. A. Buetler, and L. Marchal-Crespo
Enhancing Motor Learning of Dynamic Tasks by Promoting Motor Variability During Training with Robotic AssistanceW2
10:42-10:44M. M. Wu, L. Drnach, S. Bong, and L. TingDo human-human hand interactions assist balance by providing mechanical support or communicating information?W2
10:44-10:46A. Shafti, S. Haar, R. Mio, P. Guilleminot, A. A. FaisalSensorimotor Constraints of Robotic Human AugmentationW2
10:46-10:48N. Dunkelberger and M. K. O'MalleyCombining Functional Electrical Stimulation and a Robotic Exoskeleton to Assist Arm MovementsW2
SuBT1 Schedule
12:00-12:20Darryl Thelen, PhD
University of Wisconsin-Madison
Estimating force of individual muscles during walking
12:20-12:40Fabrizio Sergi, PhD
University of Delaware
Robot-assisted imaging of neuromuscular function using robots and MRI
12:40-13:00Hyunglae Lee, PhD
Arizona State University
Task-dependent modulation of 2D ankle stiffness during standing and walking
13:00-13:20Massimo Sartori, PhD
University of Twente
Closing the loop between wearable robots and the neuromuscular system during human movement
13:20-13:40Katja Mombaur, PhD
Heidelberg University
Optimality criteria in human motion
13:40-14:00Francisco Valero-Cuevas, PhD
University of Southern California
Using robots for studying and breaking pathologic synergies in stroke
14:00-14:10Workshop organizersClosing remarks
SuCT1 Schedule
14:10-14:30Roger Gassert, PhD
ETH Zürich
Robot-assisted assessment of motor and proprioceptive hand function and their recovery after stroke
14:30-14:50Elliott Rouse, PhD
University of Michigan
Impairments in ankle mechanical impedance post-stroke
14:50-15:10James Sulzer, PhD
University of Texas at Austin
Neural operant conditioning
15:10-15:30Marcia O'Malley, PhD
Rice University
Assessing Wrist Movement and Coordination with Robotic Devices
15:30-15:50Laura Marchal-Crespo, PhD
University of Bern
Optimize Motor Learning to Improve Neurorehabilitation
15:50-16:10Etienne Burdet, PhD
Imperial College London
Interaction control between humans and with robot
16:10Workshop organizersClosing remarks


SuDT1Advancing Assistive Robotics through Intelligent Physiological Sensing
Sunday Nov 29, 16:20-18:20 EST
Organizers: Joshua C. Kline, Vice President of Research and Development, Delsys and Altec Inc., USA; Michael D. Twardowski, Lead Research Systems Engineer, Delsys and Altec Inc., USA.
Objectives: This workshop will provide attendees with foundational knowledge related to intelligent sensing, a theoretical understanding of state-of-the-art research in the field, and exposure to the latest technology and analytical tools for the creation of practical applications that combine intelligence sensing with assistive robotics. Attendees will gain:
• Knowledge of the variety of physiological signals that can be leveraged for assistive robotics;
• Understanding of the latest technology that can be used for intelligent sensing;
• Hands-on best practices for detection, and processing of physiological signals for control of assistive robotics;
• Insight into practical application of intelligent sensing in assistive robotics in prosthetics, rehabilitation, and augmentative and alternative communication.
Abstract: Advances in physiological sensing have provided catalysed innovation in the fields of assistive robotics, rehabilitation and augmentation of human performance by providing quantifiable means of learning from human movement, responding to human intention, and improving decision making capabilities for coordinating control of assistive robotic devices and augmentative technology.
In this workshop, we will introduce fundamental concepts related to intelligent sensing of physiological signals, and present applications showcasing how they can be applied to provide context-aware information for personalizing assistive devices for speech synthesis, for developing physiologically-based human-machine interfaces, and for quantifying human movement based on activity state detection.
List of Talks
1Paola Contessa, PhD
Delsys and Altec Inc.
From Humans to Machines: The Need for Context-Aware Physiological Sensing
2Jennifer Vojtech, PhD
Delsys and Altec Inc.
Personalizing Assistive Communication Technologies through sEMG- and IMU-based Systems
3Michael D. Twardowski, PhD
Delsys and Altec Inc.
A Motor Unit Based Human-Machine Interface for the Control of Assistive Robots


Track 2

SuAT2-BT2Occupational exoskeletons: advances in design, standards, evaluation, and market adoption
Sunday Nov 29, 09:00-14:00 EST
Organizers: Carlos Rodriguez-Guerrero, Senior researcher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel and Flanders Make Pleinlaan, Belgium; Stefano Toxiri, Postdoctoral researcher, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Italy; Domen Novak, Associate professor, University of Wyoming, USA.
• Provide an up-to-date overview of the latest progress in the area of standards, regulations and testing of occupational exoskeletons;
• Identify the barriers that inhibit mass adoption;
• Identify key enabling technologies, tools and methods that could break those barriers and promote user acceptance and widespread use;
• Showcase/present representative success stories of full-scale adoption by relevant users;
• Provide a platform for talented young researchers to present their ideas and work, receiving actionable feedback by the diverse audience.
Abstract: Although factory working conditions in industry have improved significantly over time, many workers are still exposed to high physical workloads due to material handling, repetitive movements and awkward body postures. Peak mechanical load can be reduced by ergonomic interventions, using cranes and, more recently, using exoskeletons. However, despite recent advances in the development of occupational exoskeletons, they have not yet been widely adopted by companies due to both technical limitations and the lack of a clear cost-benefit analysis.
This workshop will unite renowned specialists in the field of industrial exoskeletons together with potential adopters to discuss the state of the art, challenges and novel results in the very promising, expanding area of wearable robots.
It is tentatively proposed as a 2-session workshop. The first session would feature keynote presentations from senior renowned exoskeleton experts from different disciplines, opening the way for exciting questions and discussions. The second session would include a poster session tailored for junior researchers to receive feedback on their work, and a final panel discussion to synthesize views and strategies to promote advances in occupational exoskeletons.
Watch the Recorded Videos: Webinar SuAT2, Webinar SuBT2
List of Talks
1Roger Bostelman, PhD
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Exoskeleton Studies and Developments from the ASTM F48 Committee
2Conor Walsh, PhD
Harvard University
Soft Wearable Robots for Human Augmentation
3Jean Theurel, PhD
Occupational Exoskeletons: Overview of Their Benefits and Limitations in Preventing Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
4Jaap van Dieen, PhD
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Evaluation of Current Trunk Exoskeletons and Resulting Design Challenges
5Michiel de Looze, PhD
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Industrial Exoskeletons: Current Barriers for Implementation


SuCT2Exoskeleton for workers: towards the adoption through evaluations in operational environment
Sunday Nov 29, 14:10-16:10 EST
Organizers: Simona Crea, Assistant professor, The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Italy; Nicola Vitiello, Associate professor, The BioRobotics Institute, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Italy; Jan Veneman, Chair of the COST Action CA16116 – Wearable Robots for Augmentation, Assistance or Substitution of Human Motor Functions; Arturo Forner-Cordero, Associate professor, Escola Politécnica da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil.
Contents: In this workshop, novel results about onsite tests with wearable robots will be discussed, in a multidisciplinary environment involving academia and industry experts, as well as clinical and biomechanics scientists. This workshop is supported by the COST Action on Wearable Robotics (WR) for Augmentation, Assistance or Substitution of Human Motor Functions, the IEEE/RAS Technical Committee on Wearable Robotics and the IEEE /EMBS Technical Committee on BioRobotics
Abstract: To become a mainstream technology, Wearable Robots for industrial applications require evidences that the technology is effective, acceptable and usable by workers in the target scenarios. Multidisciplinary discussions, involving developers, end-users, medical doctors and ergonomists are paramount to foster the development of technologies that comply with user needs, which factories can adopt to improve the health and ergonomics conditions of workers.
In this workshop, novel results about onsite tests with wearable robots will be discussed, in a multidisciplinary round table involving academia and industry experts, as well as clinical and biomechanics scientists. Speakers will be invited to give a 20-minute talk and participate a round table discussion aiming at the definition of the roadmap bringing the community to (i) prove evidence of the potential beneficial effects deriving from the systematic use of wearable robots in the long term, and (ii) support the elaboration of standards that can facilitate the adoption of wearable robots in the industrial sectors
Watch the Recorded Video: Webinar SuCT2
List of Speakers
1Kevin De Pauw, PhD, Vrije Universiteit Brussel
2Homayoon Kazerooni, PhD, University of California at Berkeley
3Conor Walsh, PhD, Harvard University
4Gaurav Genani, PhD, CEO at Skelex
5Arturo Forner-Cordero, PhD, Escola Politécnica da Universidade de Sao Paulo
6Marco Gazzoni, PhD, Politecnico di Torino


SuDT2Community-Based Rehabilitation Research using Wearable Devices
Sunday Nov 29, 16:20-18:20 EST
Organizers: Thomas C. Bulea, Staff Scientist, Functional & Applied Biomechanics Section, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, USA; Hao Su, Irwin Zahn Endowed Assistant Professor, City University of New York, City College, USA.
Objectives: The overall objective of this workshop is to provide an educational perspective not only on the deployment of wearable devices outside the laboratory setting but also to ensure that high quality research can be achieved with such endeavours. Whereas conference sessions often focus on the final device prototype and the results obtained from measurements in the laboratory, here the goal is to focus on key considerations for ensuring that device operation, experimental design and/or data collection outside the laboratory are sufficient to allow valid evaluation of research hypotheses.
Abstract: The recent surge in wearable devices, including sensors and robotic exoskeletons, has opened up exciting new avenues for rehabilitation research through deployment of novel devices outside of the clinic or laboratory setting for applications ranging from disease characterization and diagnosis to physical therapy and training. Yet, the community environment presents challenges from a research perspective including issues of data integrity, participant compliance and safety, and effective adjustment of robot-human interaction. This workshop aims to provide its audience detailed, instructive examples of successful deployments of wearable devices for community based research applications. Invited speakers will discuss the unique clinical and technical challenges posed by development of research protocols involving human subjects in the community setting, and will highlight specific tools and strategies for overcoming these pitfalls through novel design and application of wearable devices.
This workshop will be arranged in two parts. First, each invited speaker will give a ~15 minute talk describing a novel wearable device or technology developed in their laboratory. The goal of these talks will be to highlight the influence of community deployment on the design, development and evaluation of these devices. Following the presentations, all speakers will convene for a moderated and interactive discussion considering the impact that community based research will have on the future of biorobotics.
Watch the Recorded Video: Webinar SuDT2
List of Talks
1Thomas C. Bulea, PhD
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center
Open-Source Tools for Robotic Interfacing and Data Collection outside the Laboratory Setting
2Hao Su, PhD
City University of New York
New Actuation Paradigm for High-Performance Wearable Robots
3He (Helen) Huang, PhD
North Carolina State University
Personalizing Wearable Robot Control via Reinforcement Learning
4Hyung-Soon Park, PhD
Community based upper-limb rehabilitation program using an AI-based smart watch interface
5Michael Goldfarb, PhD
Vanderbilt University
Lower Limb Exoskeleton Control for Poorly-Ambulatory Individuals
6Jonghyun Kim, PhD
Sungkyunkwan University
A novel in-home spasticity assessment system using wearable sensors
7Seungmoon Song, PhD
Stanford University
Exoskeletons and Prosthetic Limbs that Enhance Human Performance


Track 3

SuAT3-BT3Human-centered design and evaluation of wearable arm/hand exos – promoting use and acceptance
Sunday November 29th 09:00-14:00 EST
Organizers: Roger Gassert, Professor of Rehabilitation Engineering, ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Jan T. Meyer, PhD student at Rehabilitation Engineering Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Switzerland.
Objectives: With this workshop we aim to:
• Bring together experts in the design and usability/clinical evaluation of wearable hand/arm exoskeletons for therapy and assistance in persons with sensorimotor hand/arm impairments following neurological injury
• Promote transdisciplinary exchange between technology developers (engineers/scientists), endusers (persons with hand/arm motor impairment), clinicians and therapists
• Discuss the role and value of human-centered design and usability evaluation in wearable robotic assistive technology
• Evaluate/compare state-of-the art developments in an interactive demo sessions
• Identify major challenges affecting usability and acceptance of this technology, and ways to move forward during presentations and a discussion round
• Promote interaction between junior and senior researchers
Abstract: Despite impressive advances in the design of wearable robotic exoskeletons to improve participation and independence in persons with sensorimotor arm/hand impairments and an increasing number of usability studies, only very few commercial solutions are currently available.
It seems evident that the needs of the target groups are not yet met to a satisfying extent. This is challenged by the trade-off between device complexity/robustness and functional benefit, as well as by low user involvement in the design process and limited device usability, all of which directly impact technology acceptance.
This workshop aims to bring together engineers, therapists, clinicians and users to discuss these topics, demo recent developments and identify ways to promote use and acceptance of wearable arm/hand exoskeletons.
Watch the Recorded Videos: Webinar SuAT3, Webinar SuBT3
List of Talks
1Roger Gassert, PhD and Jan T. Meyer,
ETH Zurich
Workshop intro/goals; User-driven design and usability evaluation of tenoexo, a fully wearable hand exoskeleton for therapy and assistance in daily life
2Derek Kamper, PhD
North Carolina State University
EMG control of an assistive hand exoskeleton: adapting control to the capabilities of the user
3Joel Stein, MD
Columbia University
Why robotics solutions for the upper limb post-stroke are difficult: Solving the clinical equation
4Conor Walsh, PhD
Harvard University
Soft wearable robots for upper extremity assistance and rehabilitation
5Michele Lobo, PT, PhD
University of Delaware
Exoskeletons for Rehabilitation: Critical Design and Evaluation Considerations from a Clinical Perspective
6Kyujin Cho, PhD
Seoul National University
Exo-Wrist and Exo-Glove Poly II soft tendon driven assistance for persons with hand impairment


SuCT3-DT3Soft Robots for Simulating and Treating Cardiac Diseases
Sunday November 29th 14:10-18:20 EST
Organizers: Ellen T. Roche, Assistant Professor, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; Luca Rosalia, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; Caglar Ozturk, Postoctoral Fellow, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; David VanStory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA; Markus Horvath, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA.
Objectives: The overall goal of the proposed workshops is to introduce attendees into current research in the use of robotics (primarily soft robotics) for cardiac applications. This will fall under two categories – in silico and in vitro models for testing devices (Session 1) and cardiac and cardiovascular devices using soft robotic approaches (Session 2) .

Session 1: In silico and in vitro cardiac models

1. Introduce the biorobotic hybrid heart
2. Describe in silico modelling of robotic structures for cardiac simulation
3. Describe benchtop cardiac simulators to mimic congenital heart disease
4. Introduce robotic approaches to creating disease models in small and large animal models
5. Interactive demonstrations of in silico and in vitro simulators.

Panel on in silico and In vitro models for testing cardiac devices - challenges and opportunities
This workshop will feature talks from Prof. Roche, Prof. Meboldt, Prof. Schmid Daners and Prof. Nguyen about in silico and in vitro cardiac models.

Interactive Exhibit
There will be an interactive exhibit session for in silico and in vitro models and an innovation challenge with spot prizes for a physician-led challenge using robots to treat cardiac disease.

Session 2: Cardiac and cardiovascular devices using soft robotic approaches

1. Introduce attendees to active research in direct compression (DCC) devices
2. Panel discussion with experts about key challenges in the field of direct cardiac compression for successful clinical translation.
3.. Introduce attendees to efforts for transcatheter cardiovascular device using soft robotic
4. Q&A and panel discussion on using soft robotics for intracardiac devices.

Panel on cardiac assist devices and total artificial hearts
This session will feature talks from Prof. Overvelde on fluidic control of soft actuators for cardiac assist applications. Next, Dr. Saeed will talk about his soft robotic ventricular assist devices that can be tuned to augment systolic or diastolic function, and actuate either the right or left side of the heart. Prof. Criscione will then discuss his DCC devices and minimally invasive delivery of them. Next, a panel discussion will be conducted on the challenges associated with DCC devices, and potential solutions that each investigator is working on.

Panel on intracardiac devices
Prof. Mosadegh and Prof. Dunham will discuss their work on an intracardiac SVAD and multiple transcatheter cardiovascular devices including closure of left atrial appendages and soft robotic endoprostheses.
Abstract: Actuators fabricated from soft deformable materials are uniquely suited for cardiac applications because they are inherently less likely to injure body tissues due to mechanical properties in the range of soft tissues, and can be programmed to adapt to biological environments. Recent work in this area has shown the use of soft robotic structures for simulating or augmenting heart function in ex vivo or benchtop models , for augmenting cardiac function in vivo, for delivering biological therapy to the heart, for modulating the in vivo foreign body response, and for structural cardiac repair including closure of appendages, valve repair, coronary stenting or interatrial sensing. The overarching goal of this workshop series is to introduce attendees to the research in this field, through talks from experts in the use of soft robots for high fidelity cardiac simulators, and devices for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Virtual exhibits of in silico and in vitro simulators will allow attendees to visualize these tools. Talks and panel discussions on the interventions under development (cardiac assist, total artificial heart and intracardiac devices) will help promote research in this area, and promote engineering and clinician involvement in their successful clinical translation.
Watch the Recorded Videos: Webinar SuCT3, Webinar SuDT3
In silico and in vitro models for simulating cardiac disease and interventions (SuCT3)
14:10-14:15Greetings, Introduction to workshop and logistics
14:15-16:10Part 1: Panel on in silico and In vitro models for testing cardiac devices - challenges and opportunities
14:15-14:30Ellen Roche, PhD, MIT
14:30-14:45Mirko Meboldt and Marianne Schmid Daners, ETH Zurich
14:45-15:00Christopher Nguyen, PhD, MGH
15:00-15:10Q&A for panel
15:10-16:10Part 2: Interactive exhibit session for in silico and in vitro testbeds SpatialChat
1Biohybrid HeartW7, W8
2Computational models in cardiovascular researchW7, W8
3A combined cardiorespiratory simulator for the Fontan physiologyW7, W8
4An aortic constriction device to model cardiac diseaseW7, W8
5Ex vivo models of valvular dysfunctionW7, W8
6Hemodynamic cardiac simulatorsW7, W8
7MRI compatible modelsW7, W8
8Innovation Challenge - physician challenge with online submissions and spot prizes. Upload here.W7, W8
16:10-16:20Coffee break & networking
Interventions for cardiac disease using soft robotics (SuDT3)
16:20-16:25Intro to workshop and greetings
Part 1: Panel on cardiac assist devices and total artificial hearts
16:25-16:40Johannes T.B Overvelde, AMOLF
16:40-16:55John Criscione, Texas AMU
16:55-17:10Mossab Saeed, Boston Children's Hospital
17:10-17:30Q&A for panel on cardiac assist devices and total artificial hearts
Part 2: Panel on intracardiac devices
17:30-17:45Bobak Mosadegh, Weill Cornell Medicine
17:45-18:00Simon Dunham, Weill Cornell Medicine
18:00-18:15Q&A on intracardiac devices
18:15-18:30Closing comments


CME Track

Please check the invited speakers page for the list of additional talks in the CME track, including Pediatric Rehabilitation and Stroke/SCI Rehabilitation.

SuBT4Rehabilitation of Head-Neck Motions Using a Robotic Neck Brace
Sunday November 29th 12:00-14:00 EST
Organizers: Sunil Agrawal, Professor, Columbia University; Haohan Zhang, Postdoctoral Researcher, Columbia University.
Objectives:This workshop aims to discuss novel developments of robotic head-neck braces for different clinical use and interventions in patients with poor head-neck control.
Abstract: Head-neck movement is a cornerstone of daily life activities. Head-hand control is critical for vital survival task such as feeding. Head-eye control is also critical for social communication and community participation. However, some people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or cerebral palsy (CP) present with deficits in head-neck control that reduce their motor functions and hamper their active community participation. Current intervention options are limited to the use of static neck braces which may be highly constraining for these individuals. Therapeutic exercises are also challenging to deliver in the most severe cases.
In this workshop, we invite experts in neurology, physical therapy, and robotics to discuss this unmet clinical need for people with ALS and CP. We present the state-of-the-art robotic technology, some initial successes, and potential challenges in using robotics for head-neck rehabilitation. Additionally, videos of robotic neck braces designed at Columbia University Rehabilitation and Robotics (ROAR) Laboratory and human studies with ALS patients will be described. We envision this workshop to raise awareness of the head-neck robotic rehabilitation and motivate researchers to join this emerging and important field.
Watch the Recorded Video: Webinar SuBT4
12:00-12:05Sunil Agrawal, PhD
Columbia University
Introduction of the Speakers
12:05-12:25Andrew Jinsy, MD
Columbia University
ALS and Head Drop: Functional Needs
12:25-12:45Haohan Zhang, PhD
Columbia University
Design of Robotic Neck Braces
12:45-13:05Sunil Agrawal, PhD
Columbia University
Neck Motion/Muscle coordination in People with ALS
13:05-13:45Biing-Chwen Chang, MS
Columbia University
Eye-Head Coordination with Neck Brace
13:45-14:00Workshop organizersQ&A